If you’re interested in exploring the benefits of CBD oil, one thing holding you back may be the cost. If you don’t know how CBD is made, and what separates a good CBD product from a bad one, you might wonder why it costs so much. Today, Dayzed is taking a look at this issue to help you understand just what you’re spending your money on.
What is CBD?
CBD is short for a cannabidiol – it’s a compound derived from the cannabis plant. It’s one of many such compounds, and it acts on the endo-cannabinoid system: a collection of chemical receptors spread throughout the central and peripheral nervous system. This produces lots of different effects, and while its therapeutic efficacy is under investigation, there are claims it can help with pain, anxiety and depression, and insomnia as well as fostering a general sense of wellness and calm.
CBD is often sold as a tincture: a bottle with a dropper containing oil that’s absorbed the CBD from the cannabis or hemp plant. CBD edibles and teas, as well topical creams and even vapes are also available!
Selling CBD Legally
CBD is now legal to be grown, made and sold in the UK and EU. This is thanks to an investigation by the world health organisation that found that CBD wasn’t harmful, psychoactive and didn’t form “addictive pathways in the brain” – as long as it’s free from THC. THC is the psychoactive compound in cannabis, the one that causes the distinctive euphoric ‘high’, and it’s known in full as tetrahydrocannabinol.
To sell CBD legally in the EU and UK, it needs to contain no more than .2% traces of THC. Achieving this is responsible for a large part of the cost of the CBD products on shop shelves.
The process begins with growing the plants. These are specially selected strains that contain the necessary low levels of THC – they need to be sourced and bought from specialist suppliers.
After the crop is grown, it needs to be harvested and dried: the leaves, shoots and buds can’t be used straight away, but need to be dried out first in special facilities. They’re tested during this period to check the levels of THC and CBD in the harvest.
When they’ve been dried, the CBD oil needs to be extracted from the plant – this means passing a solvent through the dried leaves in which the cannabinoids will dissolve. Supercritical CO2 Extraction is commonly held to produce the best results , but this is an expensive process involving Carbon Dioxide at low temperatures and under high pressure! It also requires experienced, trained technicians to run safely.
When the CBD oils have been extracted from the plant, they need to be purified, removing some of the turpenes (molecules responsible for scent) that can cause it to have an unpleasant smell or taste, and other unwanted chemicals and compounds from the plant, from chlorophyll to other cannabinoids. This is done with a process called winterisation, in which the extract is mixed with high-proof alcohol and frozen, then filtered.
The End Result
These processes, starting with the breeding of specialised strains of the cannabis plant and ending with winterisation and bottling result in quality CBD products for you, but they do add to the price tag. If you want to be sure you’re getting the best CBD oil for your money, choose Dayzed, where your curated CBD experience starts.